BACKGROUND: The DRK, Deutsches Rotes Kreuz (German Red Cross), was a voluntary civil assistance organization that was originally instituted in 1864 and was officially acknowledged by the Geneva Convention on July 27TH 1929. On December 9TH 1937 the DRK gained the status of a legally recognized organization by the NSDAP. As with other essential services in Third Reich Germany the DRK came under control of the NSDAP in late 1938 under the auspices of the Ministry of the Interior Social Welfare Organization. Female DRK personnel were issued an probationary service brooch to be worn as a duty badge at the nape of the neck of the service uniform. The brooch was worn by nurses following their exam and for a further probationary year.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Roughly, 32mm diameter, nicely convexed, die struck alloy brooch with white, red and black enamel work. The brooch features a black circular enamel outer border with gilt washed Gothic script, "Deutsches Rotes Kreuz Probeschwester ", (German Red Cross Probationary), encompassing a white circular enamel field with a first pattern, (circa 1935), stylized DRK eagle in black, red and white enamel work. The DRK eagle features a black enamel eagle with down-swept wings with a canted black swastika, on a white diamond base, superimposed on its breast and a red cross clutched in its talons. The solid reverse features an impressed location and serial number, "Karlsruhe 115", and embossed script consisting of, "Ges. gesch"., indicating, Gesetzlich Geschützt, (Protected by Law) and the manufacturers name and location, "A. Stübbe Berlin". The reverse also has a small soldered hinge, a thin horizontal pin and a soldered catch all intact. Small solder repair to the pin.

GRADE ****                             PRICE $215.00

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