BACKGROUND: In October 1940 Reichsführer-SS, (National Leader of the SS), Heinrich Himmler traveled to Norway to inspect Waffen-SS, (Armed-SS), personnel temporarily stationed there to evaluate winter clothing in anticipation of the inevitable invasion of Russia. This primary evaluation led to the introduction of experimental, fur lined, field-grey, anoraks with integral hoods in December 1940. The SS-FHA, SS-Führungshauptamt, (SS-Operational Headquarters), and the SS-WVHA, SS-Wirtschafts und Verwaltungs Hauptamt, (SS-Economic and Administration Department) were the two departments responsible for supplying and maintaining all personnel of the SS. The SS-FHA was responsible for issuing the initial equipment, supply and maintenance of weapons and ammunition, and the supply of technical equipment and transport vehicles. The SS-WVHA, was responsible for issue of all personal equipment items and clothing items including the anoraks. The three-quarter length anoraks were intended for use by mobile personnel, (Reconnaissance, Patrols etc.), with the standard greatcoats and the fur-lined surcoats utilized by stationary personnel, (Guards, Drivers etc.). The first pattern anoraks were a pull-over design and were a limited issue item with regulations dictating that they were only to be distributed to 10% of the receiving unit’s manpower strength. The anoraks were originally only issued to personnel serving in occupied Norway and parts of Poland for the winter season, (September 15TH to April 15TH), and were to be returned to the units clothing depot in April for storage, repair and cleaning to be reissued the following September. Further testing and design alterations occurred over the next couple of years resulting in the production of the fur lined anorak in January 1943 which were also issued to personnel on the eastern front. The early, pull-over style anoraks proved unpopular with the troops as they were too heavy and hot without enough ventilation and as a result a new pattern anorak, with a full length, button up front closure, was introduced in early 1944, and manufacture of the earlier pattern was discontinued. The early, pull-over style anoraks were to be returned to the units clothing depots to be altered to the button up front closure style although some remained in use for the duration of the war. Both the first and second pattern anoraks were to be worn without any insignia.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Large, heavy, three quarter length, later pattern, (Circa 1944-1945), fur lined, water repellent, field-grey, cotton duck construction anorak with an integral hood. The anorak features a vertical, seven button front closure with an overlapping, wind flap with additional, corresponding, stitched button eyelets. The anorak has two, non-pleated, patch, breast pockets and two, diagonally angled, slash, hip pockets all with scalloped, button down, flaps. The anorak has an internal, horizontal, tunnel looped, fit adjustment elastic positioned at the waistline with the stitching visible to the exterior. The elastic has lost it’s elasticity. The anorak has straight cut, non-adjustable, sleeve cuffs with internal, grey rayon, "storm cuffs" with tunnel looped elastic ends. The storm cuff elastics have lost their elasticity. Both the cuffs and the bottom edge of the tail skirt have dual-ply hems and the bottom edge of the tail skirt has a small, vertical, slash at each outer side seam. The anorak has a large, mottled brown and white rabbit fur lined, integral hood with three rows of reinforcement stitching and a tunnel looped drawstring to the forward edge. The hood drawstring is intact and has the addition of a molded, tan, bakelite button handstitched to one end to prevent the drawstring from becoming inaccessible in the tunnel loop. The hood is large enough to accommodate a helmet. The armpits both have opened ventilation slashes. The interior of the anorak is fully lined in machine stitched, patch worked, assorted, mottled brown and white fur with the fur exposed to the interior. The lining extends down the top of the sleeves to just above the elbow and the interior forearms are lined in grey rayon with an internal padding. The interior hip pocket bags are constructed in a combination of fur and wool. The anorak is in overall fairly good condition with a few small picks and pulls, areas of light to moderate age and usage toning and a couple of small, machine stitched repairs. The buttons are a combination of the field-grey painted, pebbled alloy and magnetic sheet metal types and although they retain the majority of their field-grey paint most appear to have been restitched. The anoraks were cut large enough to fit over the standard uniform and this example would roughly fit a size, 44", (111.7cm), chest.

GRADE ***1/2                             PRICE $1,639.00

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