BACKGROUND: As early as 1938 Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler and the Allgemeine-SS, (General-SS), began recruiting volunteer "Germanische", (Germanic), personnel who were considered to be suitably "Nordic", to serve in the SS-VT, SS-Verfügungstruppe, (SS-Special Purpose Troops). Originally these Germanic personnel were drawn from Dutch, Belgian, Danes and Norwegians but with only minor success. In March 1940 with the formation of the Waffen-SS, recruitment of the Germanic personnel began to increase slightly and with the outbreak of WWII additional Germanic volunteers came forward to join the ranks of the Waffen-SS. On May 25TH 1940 the first Dutch volunteers were assigned to the newly formed "Westland" regiment. In July 1941 the Germans began formation of the SS-Freiwilligen-Verband-Niederlande, (SS Volunteer Unit Netherlands), which was renamed, SS-Freiwilligen-Legion-Niederlande in August of that year. On May 20TH 1943 the SS-Freiwilligen-Legion-Niederlande was disbanded and its personnel were utilized to form the 4. SS-Freiwillingen-Panzer-Grenadier-Brigade "Nederland" in October of that year which would eventually evolve into the 23.SS-Freiwilligen-Grenadier-Division "Nederland" (niederlandische Nr.1). Originally personnel of the SS-Freiwilligen-Verband-Niederlande wore the standard SS runic collar tab on the right hand side of the uniform until the autumn of 1941 when a vertical Wolfsangel, (Wolves Hook), was introduced. On November 11TH 1941 the Germans produced a horizontal Wolfsangel collar tab to replace the vertical pattern. Of Note: The horizontal Wolfsangel pattern collar tab was also allegedly worn by personnel of 34.SS-Freiwillingen-Grenadier-Division "Landstorm Nederland". Also Of Note: The Divisional numerical designation, "23" was allotted to this Division after the first, 23. Waffen-Gebirgs-Division der SS "Kama" (kroatische Nr.2), was disbanded in September 1944.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Second pattern, German manufactured, right hand side black wool construction collar tab with machine woven, horizontally positioned "Wolfsangel", (Wolf Hook), in silver/grey threads. The collar tab is mounted on a tan buckram backing. The collar tab is in overall excellent, unissued condition.

GRADE ****1/2                             PRICE $

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