BACKGROUND: The origins of the distinctive Shako has been somewhat shrouded with the passing of time with some military historians accrediting the French with its development in the 1780's, based on the design of the civilian top hat, while others acclaim that it was based on the Austro-Hungarian or Bavarian Casquette headgear that was introduced at roughly the same time. It is known, however, that the Shako was originally adopted by the Prussian army as a experimental model in 1801 and was the standard headgear utilized by Jäger and Schützen personnel during the Napoleonic Wars. The 1801 pattern shako went through numerous modifications and in March 1854 a new pattern was officially adopted by Jäger and Schnelle Truppen, (Light Infantry and Mobile Troops). Further minor modifications to the Shako occurred in 1860, 1888, 1891, 1892, 1895, 1897, and 1915. On June 17TH 1936, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler was appointed to the newly created position of Chef der Deutschen Polizei im Reichsministerium des Innern, (Chief of the German Police in the National Ministry of the Interior), effectively giving him full control of all police agencies within Germany. As a result of this appointment and the restructuring of all the separate German state police into a single national police force new regulations were instituted on June 25TH 1936 to bring about uniformity in dress for all police through-out the country. One of the new dress regulations introduced a slightly modified version of the Shako for wear by all civil police personnel with minor variations. When worn the Shako was outfitted with a national tri-color cockade. Generally NCO ranks of Polizei Unterwachtmeister up to and including Polizei Meister utilized, painted, stamped alloy cockades while officer’s ranks of Polizei Obermeister up to and including, Generaloberst der Polizei utilized hand embroidered cockades.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Die stamped, natural aluminum construction, vertically oval, national tri-color cockade, with five rows of a simulated, twisted, rope outer edge, encompassing a single, black painted, simulated, twisted rope inner edge, a single, ribbed, inner trim and a red painted recessed centerpiece. The reverse, of the cockade has an inset, natural aluminum, back panel secured by six, small bend over prongs, and the reverse bottom edge has an extended, closed, wire loop to secure it to the Shako. Nicely maker marked to Assmann.

GRADE ****1/4                             PRICE $119.00

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