BACKGROUND: On June 17TH 1936, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler was appointed to the newly created position of Chef der Deutschen Polizei im Reichsministerium des Innern, (Chief of the German Police in the National Ministry of the Interior), effectively giving him full control of all police agencies within Germany. As a result of this appointment and the restructuring of all the separate German state police into a single national police force new regulations were instituted on June 25TH 1936 to bring about uniformity in dress for all police through-out the country. The police NCO’s overseas cap was originally introduced on July 7TH 1937 and was utilized for the duration of the war. Officers version of the overseas cap was officially introduced in the autumn of 1939 and was distinguished from NCO’s caps by the inclusion of bright silver/aluminum piping to the crown and scalloped edging. The Police were divided into eight assorted branches of service, including the Wasserschutzpolizei, (Water Protection Police). The Wasserschutzpolizei, (Water Protection Police), along with the Feuerschutzpolizei, (Fire Protection Police), were distinguished from other police personnel with navy blue uniforms and headgear as opposed to the police green uniforms of the other police agencies. Each branch of police service was assigned a specific, identifying, truppenfarbe, (Branch of Service Color), with the Wasserschutzpolizei being allocated golden yellow truppenfarbe which replaced the bright silver/aluminum piping on the Officers caps. The insignia on the police overseas caps consisted of the second pattern police eagle as introduced on June 25TH 1936. Although wear of the national tri-color cockade was contrary to regulations it was a fairly common practice. Police Officers holding the rank of Polizei-Leutnant to Generaloberst der Polizei were responsible for purchasing their own uniforms and headgear and could purchase them through the SS-Kleiderkasse, (Clothing Account), system which was originally established in Munich in 1935. The Officers were allotted a one time clothing allowance from the government with the amount varying depending on the individuals rank. The ranks of Polizei Unterwachtmeister to Polizei-Obermeister were issued their uniforms although they could also choose to purchase privately tailored garments of higher quality although the price may have been restrictive. The German Police had no enlisted ranks with the lowest rank being an Unterwachtmeister which was equivalent to the German army rank of Unteroffizier.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Nice quality, deep navy blue, doeskin wool construction overseas cap features fold down side and back panels with gently sloping, downward scallops to the front and forward sides. The top edge of the fold down panels are trimmed in bright, interwoven, gilt wire piping. The front center of the cap has a machine woven, second pattern, (circa June 1936-May 1945), wreathed, police style, national eagle in white threads on a, woven, mid-blue, trapezoidal, rayon base. The eagle is neatly handstitched to the cap. The interior of the cap is fully lined in ribbed, grey rayon The cap has no visible size or manufacturers markings. The cap is in overall very good condition with minimal age and usage toning and small spots of minor nap wear. The cap is roughly size 59.     (Ex Philippe Gillain Collection)

GRADE ****1/4                                                 PRICE $499.00 (Or Best Offer)

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