BACKGROUND: Shortly after the Germans invaded Russia, in June 1941, the Danish DNSAP, Danmarks National-Socialistiske Arbejder Parti, (Denmark’s National Socialist Worker’s Party), offered to raise a volunteer corps to fight against the communists, and on June 28TH 1941 the "Frikorps Danmark", (Danish Free Corps), was formed. In 1942 the Frikorps fought in Russia attached to the 3RD SS-Panzer-Division "Totenkopf" and suffered heavy casualties, including its commander, SS-Obersturmbannführer Christian Frederick von Schalburg who fell in battle on June 2ND 1942. After a short leave to Denmark in September 1942 the Frikorps returned to the Russian front in October, again suffering heavy casualties and was withdrawn from the field and disbanded in the early spring of 1943. In April 1943 a new Danish "Germansk Korps" , (Germanic Corps), was raised, by the Danish, pro-Nazi, final Frikorps commander, SS-Obersturmbannführer Knud B rge Martinsen with German co-operation. The Germansk Korps personnel were drawn mainly from ex-Frikorps members and Danes of Germanic or Nordic origins and shortly after its establishment it was renamed the, "Schalburg Korps", in honor of the fallen Frikorps commander. The Schalburg Korps were basically the Danish version of the Allgemeine-SS and its personnel were outfitted in black walking out uniforms with Allgemeine-SS rank insignia and khaki service uniforms with Waffen-SS rank insignia. Both uniforms differed from their German counterparts with the usage of specific Danish emblems including a sunwheel style, swastika unit collar tab. Of Note: The Schalburg sunwheel swastika differed from the one utilized by the 11.SS-Freiwilligen-Panzer-Grenadiers-Div. "Nordland". Also Of Note: The Schalburg Korps was fully incorporated into the SS in July 1944 as "SS. Ausbildungs-Bataillon Schalburg", (SS Training Battalion Schalburg). In January 1945 the unit was redesignated, SS Vagt-Bataillon Sjaelland, (SS Guard Battalion Zealand), and on February 28TH 1945 it was officially disbanded. Also Of Note: SS-Obersturmbannführer Schalburg, a Danish aristocrat, and ex-leader of the Danish DNSAP youth, had been serving as a volunteer with the 5TH SS-Panzer-Division "Wiking", from September 1940, until he was appointed as commander of the Frikorps Danmark in late February/early March 1942. Killed in June 1942 Schalburg only commanded the Frikorps for roughly three months. SS-Obersturmbannführer Martinsen was relived of command of the Korps in October 1944 and was found guilty of war crimes, sentenced to death and executed in 1949.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Black wool construction, right hand side, unit collar tab with a large, hand embroidered, open, sunwheel swastika in white cotton threads. The embroidery includes fine outside edge borders to the swastika. The collar tab is mounted on an orange cardboard backing. The collar tab is in overall excellent, un-issued condition with minimal age toning. Scarce collar tab.

GRADE ****1/2                             PRICE $

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