S003986 WERKFEUERWEHR NCO'S SLEEVE EAGLE. (Ärmelhoheitsabzeichen)

BACKGROUND: Shortly after Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP, Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, (National Socialist German Worker’s Party), ascended to the leadership of Germany, the police, as with almost all civic organizations, incorporated the new style national eagle and swastika on their insignia. On June 17TH 1936, Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler was appointed to the newly created position of Chef der Deutschen Polizei im Reichsministerium des Innern, (Chief of the German Police in the National Ministry of the Interior), effectively giving him full control of all police agencies within Germany. As a result of this appointment and the restructuring of all the separate German state police into a single national police force new regulations were instituted to bring about uniformity in dress for all police through-out the country. One of the new uniform regulations was the introduction of an identifying sleeve insignia. The police were divided into eight assorted branches of service and during the restructuring the different police agencies were assigned specific identifying "truppenfarbe" (Troop {Branch of Service} Colors), with carmine truppenfarbe being allocated to the Feuerschutzpolizei, (Fire Protection Police). NCO ranks of Unterwachtmeister to Hauptwachtmeister, (equivalent to the army ranks of Unteroffizier & Oberfeldwebel, respectively), wore the sleeve insignia in the appropriate branch of service color while Officer’s ranks from Polizei Meister to Oberst wore the insignia in bright silver and the ranks of Generalmajor to Generaloberst wore gilt insignia. Originally the police sleeve eagles worn by NCO’s included the name of the location where they were stationed but regulations of November 10TH 1941 abolished the name for all but the Freiwillingen Feuerwehren, (Volunteer Fire Brigades), and the Pflichtfeuerwehren, (Compulsory Fire Brigades), personnel. Of Note: The German Police had no enlisted ranks with the lowest rank being an Unterwachtmeister which was equivalent to the German army rank of Unteroffizier. Formed in late 1932 the Deutscher Luftschutzverband (German Air Protection League), was a voluntary organization designed to provide civil air raid protection in large civilian centers. Shortly after Hitler ascension to power the Deutscher Luftschutzverband was restructured and placed under the supervision of the Reichsluftfahrtministerium, (National Ministry of Aviation), under the control of Hermann Göring. On April 29TH 1933 the Deutscher Luftschutzverband was renamed RLB, Reichs Luftschutz Bund, (National Air Raid Protection League) and was given status as an official national organization tasked with all aspects of civil air raid defence. The RLB remained a voluntary organization with a small cadre of paid, full-time uniformed officials to oversee the organizations functions until June 1935 when obligatory service was introduced. The RLB, work in close association with the SHD, Sicherheits und Hilfs Dienst, (Security and Assistance Service), the Werkschutz, (Factory Protection Police), the Ordnungspolizei, (Order Police) and the Werkfeuerwehr, (Industrial Fire Brigades). The important industries generally had a contingent of personnel drawn from the above agencies dedicated to protect certain factories and provide assistance in the case of air-raid damage and/or fires. All the larger industries within Germany which were members of the Reichsgruppe Industrie, (National Industry Group), were allocated a group of Werkfeuerwehr personnel to protect their concerns from possible air raid or fire damage. These personnel were equipped with basic uniform and insignia items including the police style sleeve eagle.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Machine embroidered, police eagle with out-stretched wings, clutching a wreathed, canted swastika in it’s talons, encompassed by a vertically oval, oak-leaf wreath, positioned below the Gothic scripted designation, "Werkfeuerwehr", (Industrial Fire Brigade), all in carmine cotton truppenfarbe, (Branch of service color), threads, mounted on a vertically oval, dark, navy blue wool base. Scarce Werkfeuerwehr sleeve eagle.

GRADE ****1/4                             PRICE $149.00

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