BACKGROUND: The development of the NSKK, National Sozialistisches Kraftfahr Korps, (National Socialist Motor Corps), can be traced back to 1923 when the SA, Sturm Abteilung, (Storm/Assault Detachment), introduced a Kraftfahr Abteilung, (Motor Section), to transport personnel as required. In 1928 the SA Motor section was expanded to Kraftfahrstaffeln, (Motor Squadrons). In an attempt to create a national motor corps the NSAK, National Sozialistisches Automobil Korps, (National Socialist Automobile Corps), was formed in April 1930 as a NSDAP, Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, (National Socialist German Worker’s Party), auxiliary organization, subordinate to the SA. In early 1931 Adolf Hühnlein was appointed as Chief of the NSAK and proposed a name change to NSKK, which was officially accepted in April 1931.The origins of the Transport Group Speer can be traced back to 1937 when Hitler appointed Albert Speer as Generalbauinspektor, (General Building Inspector), and entrusted him with reconstructing Berlin in a grandiose style, befitting to Hitler’s vision of a thousand year Reich. To accomplish the reconstruction task Speer formed the Baustab Speer, (Construction Staff Speer), which would required a pool of motor transport resulting in the formation of Motor Transport Standarte Speer with personnel drawn the NSKK’s school at Döberitz. As it’s origins and name imply the mandate of the Motor Transport Standarte Speer were to supply the required transportation of workers, building supplies, etc., for the reconstruction work in greater Berlin, however with the expansion of the war into the west in the spring of 1940 additional requirements for motor transport by the army drew vehicles and personnel from Motor Transport Standarte Speer. With the successful conclusion of battle on the western front the Motor Transport Standarte Speer returned to Berlin to continue their original purpose. With the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 the Motor Transport Standarte Speer was again drawn into the conflict and assigned the task of building airfields closer to the front lines, along with the requisite transportation duties, as the German armed forces advanced. This led to a reorganization of the unit along para-military lines and an expansion and re-designation to Transportbrigade Speer. On February 9TH 1942 Dr. Fritz Todt, Reichsminister für Rüstung und Kriegsrüstung, (National Minister of Munitions & Armament), and the commander of the OT, Organization Todt, a political organization manned by trained civil engineers and laborers and tasked with assorted civilian and military construction projects, died in in an airplane crash and Hitler appointed Speer to assume Todt’s previous positions. Of Note: The position title Reichsminister für Rüstung und Kriegsrüstung, (Minister of Munitions & Armament), was altered to Reichsminister für Rüstung und Kriegsproduktion, (Minister of Munitions & War Production), on September 2ND 1943. This appointment meant that the NSKK transport units of the OT, (NSKK-Transportgruppe Todt, later, NSKK-Transportbrigade Todt), and the NSKK/Speer units now fell under Speers command. Although both organizations had overlapping functions, the NSKK/OT were based on political lines while the NSKK/Speer was based more on para-military lines. Further enlargements, designation alterations and other minor changes resulted in the amalgamation of these assorted units into Transportgruppe Speer in October 1942 with a sub-section of foreign personnel designated as Legion Speer. Political infighting and a confusing organization of these assorted transport units eventually led to the formation of TKS, Transport Korps Speer in September 1944 which was completely independent of the NSKK and subordinate to the Wehrmacht, (Armed Forces). All these assorted expansions and re-designations also brought about numerous alterations to the uniforms and insignia worn by personnel serving in these units. The assorted uniforms and insignia varied depending on what particular unit an individual was serving with at any given time and also changed in accordance with different regulations as passed by the appropriate authorities. The uniforms and insignia worn included standard NSKK uniforms and insignia, Luftwaffe, (Air {Weapons} Force), uniforms with NSKK insignia, OT uniforms with NSKK insignia, Heer, (Army), uniforms with mixed insignia, and a combination of NSKK, OT and armed forces uniforms with assorted insignia, special, black dyed, uniforms with assorted insignia including Waffen-SS, (Armed-SS), insignia and special insignia that included, "Sp", collar tab cyphers. The final, official uniform for Transport Korps Speer, introduced in September 1944 were to be olive green with army style insignia although by that late date the official uniforms never saw widespread distribution resulting in an assorted mix of uniforms and insignia being worn right up until the end of the war.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Black wool construction NSKK/Speer M43 cap with hand applied silver wire piping. Machine woven, silver, NSKK/SA eagle is machine stitched to the front of the cap. Metal cockade pinned to the front center. Complete black rayon liner. No visible marking. Roughly a size 54. Cap was a direct U.S. vet purchase. Scarce.

GRADE ****1/2                             PRICE $650.00

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