BACKGROUND: The Black Watch was founded January 31 1862 as the 5th Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles in response to the growing American military might during the American Civil War. Six Montreal Scottish chieftains responded to governments call to raise militia regiments by each raising an infantry company for the 5th Battalion. Eventually a total of eight companies were raised. It has the distinction of being the first Canadian unit to be allied with their Parent regiment in Scotland. Of note: All members of the Regiment wore the Red Hackle in their bonnets during its early days but the Canadian units of the Black Watch did not wear the Red Hackle during the First World War because of its legend as a battle honor. So impressed was the commander of the Imperial Black Watch of the gallantry of the Black Watch in the Battle of Vimy Ridge an order was given to allow the Canadian regiment to wear the red hackle in the bonnet in place of the cap badge. There are only two regiments in the Commonwealth that wear a battle honor in place of the cap badge, that being the Canadian Black Watch and the Imperial Black Watch. The cap badge was only worn on the Glengarry.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: The nickel/silver plated, stamped, cap badge, consists of the St. Andrew with Cross within an oval that is inscribed "Memo Me Impune Lacessit" (No one shall touch me with impunity). Surrounding the oval is a wreath of thistles, while above the oval is a crown and a scroll with the inscription "The Black Watch" and below are two inscribed scrolls, the top one "Royal Highland Regiment" and the bottom one "Of Canada." This is all overlaid on a diamond cut star of the Order of the Thistle. The reverse is a mirror image of the obverse which has double prongs.

GRADE ****                                                         PRICE $37.00

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