L011662 OFFICER'S DAGGER HANGERS. (Dolchgehänge für Offizierdolch)

BACKGROUND: In March 1933 the DLV, Deutscher Luftsport Verband, (German Air Sports Association), was established by incorporating all civilian flying clubs into the one organization. The DLV was utilized as a clandestine, civilian organization to train personnel for the future Luftwaffe, (Air-{Weapon}, Force). As a civilian organization the DLV was able to circumvent the restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, which prohibited a German military air service. In February and April 1934 respectively the DLV introduced a dagger for Officers and a knife for all other ranks, which both came equipped with integral hangers. Later in 1934 members of the Fliegerschaft, (Pilot Base), the secret military branch of the DLV, adopted both sidearms for wear. Shortly after the unveiling of the Luftwaffe, in March 1935, a modified version of the DLV’s Officer’s dagger was adopted for wear by Luftwaffe Officers and EM/NCO’s personnel who held a valid pilot’s licence. On July 15TH 1937 a second pattern Luftwaffe dagger was introduced for wear by Officers, Senior Officer Candidates and Officials with the equivalent of Officers ranks and the first pattern dagger was discontinued. With the introduction of the second pattern dagger new, corresponding, dagger hangers were also established. Additional regulations of March and August 1940 respectively, extended wear of the second pattern dagger to Senior NCO’s, Senior reserve NCO’s and Officials with the equivalent of Senior NCO’s ranks. Of Note: By 1944, with the German’s worsening war situation, the ornamental Officers dagger was no longer deemed to be a dress requirement and orders started to be distributed restricting it’s wear and replacing it with the much more practical, loaded pistol. The regulations discontinuing wear of the dagger and replacing it with a pistol were first issued in August 1944 for Luftwaffe personnel serving in Holland, Belgium and France followed by regulations in September 1944 concerning personnel serving in Berlin. Finally regulations of December 23RD 1944 discontinuing wear of the dagger, to be replaced with a loaded pistol, effective for all Luftwaffe personnel. Also Of Note: Officers and certain senior NCO ranks were responsible for purchasing their own uniform items including some side arms and their accoutrements and as a result were allotted a clothing allowance through the Verkaufsabteilung der Luftwaffe, (Sales Department of the Air-{Weapons} Force), system. The Officers and certain senior NCO’s could choose to purchase their side arms and accoutrements items from the armed forces clothing depots or privately purchase items of higher quality. Although enlisted personnel were issued their uniform items from government supplies they were also permitted to privately purchase items, although the prices may have been restrictive.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Nice quality, deluxe pattern, Luftwaffe officer’s dagger hangers consisting of two, machine woven, blue/grey rayon straps with a central, waffle pattern weave, flanked by fine, parallel, vertical, bright, silver/aluminum edges stripes. The straps are both roughly, 3/4", (2cm), wide, with one being roughly, 5 5/8", (14.2 cm), long and the other being roughly, 6 3/4", (17.1cm), long. The reverse of the hanger straps are backed with a heavily worn, protective blue/grey velvet. The hangers have stamped and molded alloy construction, fittings consisting of a friction, attachment clip to the top, with dual, cut-outs for securing the hanger straps. The top of the hanger straps are handstitched to the cut-outs of the top friction clip. Both of the hanger straps also have rectangular framed, opened, pronged, buckles, strap retaining loops and spring loaded, pressure clips to the bottom ends for attaching the hangers to the scabbard hanger rings. The top attachment clip, buckles, retaining loops and the bottom attachment clip all have ornate, embossed, oak-leaf and acorn patterns. All the alloy fittings have mostly reverted to the flat matte grey of the base metal with slight hints of what appears to be a gilt wash, although in likelihood it is a discolored, protective lacquer and not indicative of General’s ranks. All three of the attachment clips are all well marked to the reverse with either the impressed or embossed initials, "DRGM", indicating, Deutsche Reichs Gebrauchs Muster, (German National Registered Design). Interestingly the reverse of the top attachment clip also has an embossed RZM logo with a single, opened bottom, circular border and, additional markings consisting of, "U.E", indicating, "Uniformeffekten Erlaubnißschein, (Uniform Accessories Licence), and the manufacturer’s numerical code, "10". Of Note: It appears the combined RZM/U.E., markings were utilized circa May 1933 to March 1935 when the original controlling authority of the SA Quartermaster’s Department was converting into the RZM, Reich Zeug Meisterei, (National Equipment Quartermaster). During this time period manufacturers were assigned a U.E. code numeral until March 1935 when the RZM underwent internal restructuring and began assigning specific divisional and sub-divisional manufacturers, contractual identifying letters and a revised set of numerical codes. It also appears there was some confusion amongst the manufacturers as to exactly what items fell under RZM/UE control as this example indicates, as the Luftwaffe was not under the RZM’s authority. Also Of Note: From observed examples it appears the U.E. code numerals did not correspond to the later RZM code numerals and no listing of the U.E. code numerals is currently available so it is virtually impossible to determine the actual manufacturer. The obverse hanger straps show moderate to heavy age and usage toning and some light to moderate outer edge fraying and the reverse, blue/grey velvet backings show heavy chafe wear resulting in most of the original nap being worn off and numerous fair sized tears.

GRADE **1/2                             PRICE $132.00

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