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L003258 OBERSTLEUTNANT CARL-AUGUST SCHUMACHER ARTWORK POSTCARD.(Kunstwerk Postkarte)
BACKGROUND: Artwork, as a propaganda tool, was widely used during the Third Reich and Hitler’s own humble artistic background also helped foster a general interest in German art. Many art exhibitions were held through-out German during the time period with the largest being held annually, ever summer from 1937 to 1944, at the German House of Art in Munich. As early as 1938 the OKW, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, (High Command of the Armed Forces), actively began recruiting artists who were assigned to a units Propaganda Company along with photographers and journalists. By the end of the war almost two hundred war artists had served in the Wehrmacht. One of the most prolific, and as a result one of the best known German war artists was Feldwebel Wolfgang Willrich. Willrich a WWI veteran, had volunteer for military service prior to the outbreak of WWII but had been rejected on the basis of his age, (42), and was assigned to Landwehr I as a trained reserve. Through his personal friendship with Erwin Rommel, Willrich was able to secure a position in the OKH visual arts section of the Propaganda department. In this position Willrich painted and drew numerous personalities and regular soldiers in all branches of service through-out the war. Many pieces of his artwork were featured on assorted series of postcards developed by the "VDA, "Volksbund für das Deutschtum im Ausland", (National League for Germans Abroad), among others. The VDA was originally a pre-war organization formed to assist German nationals living in foreign countries and during the Third Reich era the VDA was taken over by the NSDAP and placed under the jurisdiction of the SS. In mid-1942 the OKH decided to have portraits of all the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross holders and Willrich was assigned the task. Of Note: Oberstleutnant and Commander of Fighter Wing 1, Carl-August Schumacher was awarded a Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on July 21ST 1940. Schumacher was promoted to the rank of Generalmajor in January 1944 and survived the war.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Roughly, 5 7/8" x 4 1/8", mid- weight card stock, full color artwork postcard features a close up profile of Oberstleutnant Carl-August Schumacher wearing a flight helmet and flight suit in the foreground with Willrich’s unique "W" initial cypher flanking the date, "1940", in the background. The reverse of the postcard has brown printed Gothic script which includes, "Unsere Luftwaffe. Oberstleutnant Schumacher Kommodore eines Jagdgeschwader", (Our Air-Force. Oberstleutnant Schumacher Commander of a Fighter Wing). The reverse also has additional printed script that includes, "Verlag: "Volksbund für das Deutschtum im Ausland", (Publisher: National League for Germans Abroad). The reverse also has an unknown, purple inkstamped abbreviation, "K.Qu.". The postcard was produced by the VDA, as number one in the "P.1 R.7" series of fund raising postcards. The postcard is in overall very good condition with minor age yellowing.
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