SEE BELOW FOR DESCRIPTION
BACKGROUND: With the reintroduction of conscription in 1935, the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, (High Command of the Armed Forces), activated the Wehrersatzdienststelle, (Military Recruiting Offices), throughout Germany to process and administer the call up procedure. When individuals received their registration notice they were to report to the appropriate recruitment center where they would be issued a Wehrpass, (Military Pass), until they were inducted into active duty. Starting in the autumn of 1939, when an individual was inducted into active military service the Wehrpass was exchanged at the recruitment office for the Soldbuch, (Pay Book), which remained in the recipients possession as his official military identification document. The recruitment office would retain the Wehrpass and chronicle the individual’s active service record in it. The Wehrpass was issued in three, slightly different, variants with minor modifications with the first pattern being circa 1934-1938, the second pattern circa 1938-1945 and the third pattern circa 1942-1945. Generally if the individual was killed in battle the Wehrpass would be forwarded to his next-of-kin as a memento of his service time. Of Interest: The Reich conscription laws of 1935 dictated that each of the three branches of service would be allocated a percentage of the available recruits according to their manpower requirements with the army being allotted the lions share of roughly 66% of eligible personnel followed by the Luftwaffe who were accorded roughly 25% with the Kriegsmarine receiving the remaining 9% of personnel.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: A standard, 52 page Wehrpass for Claus Peterson. Peterson was an infantry man and later a flight observer during the First World War. In 1914, he was involved in "Strassenkampfe in Löwen" Belgium, in 1915 he took part in the street wars near Roye-Noyon, North of France. As an observer he took part in the 1916 Battle of the Somme, 1917 in Arras, and 1918 Dünkirchen, Calais and Zonnebeek. In 1915 he was promoted to lieutenant and was awarded in 1916 both the EK2 and EK1. In 1918 he was awarded the WW1 observer badge. After the war he became politically active. He was a writer to many magazines in the twenties. One of the most interesting parts is that he communicated a lot with Gregor Strasser, WW1 veteran and member of the Bierhalleputch. In 1934 Strasser was killed by the SS during the night of the long knives. Peterson was very left minded and being a teacher in 1937 he proclaimed his ideas. He was known to be anti-Hitler and didn't hide this. He was put to place by Gaulieter Hinrich Lohse in a very personal letter. In the beginning of WW2 Petersen was put in the sea airplane school as an instructor. Later, he was a Regierungsrirectur in Schleswig- Holstein. In 1941 he was responsible for the weaponing of the SS. In 1944 he was member of the KLV (Kinderlandverschickung) who brought children to the open land during the allied bombing campaigns. See pictures for details. Comes with a short biography further detailing Moser’s service and awards.
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