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H088977 GERMAN "Em 1m R36: ARTILLERY DISTANCE SPOTTING, RANGEFINDER.(Entfernungsmesser)
BACKGROUND: The German army developed a wide variety of assorted sized ordnance ranging from the 7.65mm caliber pistol rounds to the 88mm caliber anti-aircraft/anti-tank rounds to the enormous 80cm caliber railway artillery rounds. The development and production of German army ordnance was under the supervision of the HwaA, Heereswaffenamt, (Army Ordnance Office), which was a subsection of the OKH, Oberkommando des Heeres, (High Command of the Army), and was responsible for testing, evaluation and eventual issue of all ordnance. The assorted sized field artillery pieces and mortars were designed with specific tactical goals in mind depending on the caliber, range and mobility of the particular weapon. Along with the weapons came a variety of assorted observation, firing and ranging aids and equipment to assist the crews in firing accuracy. In 1931 the German army developed the optical M31 Artillery Aiming Circle which could be utilized in conjunction with a wide variety of weapons and was designed to assist in determining horizontal and vertical lineage and range observation. The German army used a wide variety of optical enhancement items with the 6 x 30 power, (6 power magnification with a 30mm diameter objective lens), binoculars being the standard issue optics utilized by all branches of service. Although the 6 x 30 power binoculars were the standard issue, specialized personnel such as Artillery and Anti-aircraft observers, Reconnaissance personnel, Searchlight personnel, etc., required stronger optics and assorted, larger, optical enhancement devices were developed and issued to these specialized personnel on a limited basis. Besides the assorted sized binoculars one of the larger optical enhancement devices developed were the anti-aircraft and artillery rangefinders. The rangefinders were issued in a few models with minor variations depending on the precise duty they were to serve. The stereoscopic rangefinders worked on a triangulation theorem that enabled the user to calculate the distance to a specific target with relatively good accuracy. When issued the range finders were accompanied with assorted accessories which include a tripod, an optical calibrator and a storage/transportation case.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: A M43 from manufacturer Saalfelder Apparatebau GmbH (code fwq), dated 1942. Optics still clear." Entfernungsmesser 1-meter Raumbild 36 (1936) or "Em 1m R36" rangefinder. The optics are clear with a small amount of spotting.
GRADE **** PRICE $1,095.00
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