SEE BELOW FOR DESCRIPTION

H069658 MG34 SPANNER WRENCH. (Schraubenschlüssel)

BACKGROUND: The development and production of German army ordnance was under the supervision of the HwaA, Heereswaffenamt, (Army Ordnance Office), which was a subsection of the OKH, Oberkommando des Heeres, (High Command of the Army), and was responsible for testing, evaluation and eventual issue of all ordnance. The HwaA would issue all ordnance to a units Quartiermeister, (Supply HQ unit/Quartermaster), which contained the units Administration, Medical, Veterinarian, and Transport officer’s and its main responsibility was the control of all supplies to the forward troops including all vehicle fuel, and lubricant requirements as well as animal feed and rations and ammunition and accessories. Among other restrictions, the Treaty of Versailles banned Germany from developing any type of heavy machine gun. To circumvent this German development of an all purpose machine gun were secretly being done in Switzerland in the early 1930's. By 1934 designer Louis Stange of the Rheinmetall armaments factory had made improvements to the secret machine gun developed in Switzerland and the MG34 was introduced as an all purpose selective fire weapon. In spite of the relatively high production cost the MG34 was accepted by the Wehrmacht Ordnance department and deliveries of the MG34 began in 1936. From 1937 ongoing development resulted in the introduction of the cheaper production, fully automatic, MG42 in late 1941. Both the MG34 and the MG42 were manned by a three person crew with one individual being designated the "#1 gunner". The gunner was equipped with a specific gunners belt pouch which carried special tools and accessories for the weapon including three assorted sized wrenches which were designed to assist in stripping down the weapon as required for cleaning or repair. Of Note: Originally the wrenches were produced with a single, headpiece but later models were produced with the more practical, dual headpieces.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Early, single head, blued, tooled steel construction, contoured, spanner style wrench is roughly, 3 7/8" long, with a roughly 7/8" wide, tapering handle. The wrench has a roughly, 1" wide semi-circular head to one end with two, small, extended, inset spanner tips to each side. The spanner tips are positioned laterally to one side and transversely to the other side. The other end of the wrench has a small, circular, tooled holed designed for an attachment/suspension rope. One side of the wrench is well marked with a stamped waffen-amt. The original bluing is retained about 80% with minor surface spotting. Scarce, early, single head, MG34 spanner wrench.

GRADE ***1/2                             PRICE $215.00

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