H036081 BAR TO THE IRON CROSS 2ND CLASS, 1939 ISSUE ENVELOPE. (Umschlag aus Spange 1939 zum EKII Klasse 1914)

BACKGROUND: On March 10TH 1813, Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III established the Iron Cross as a temporary award for bestowal during times of war. Originally the Iron Cross was introduced in three grades with a Grand Cross intended for award to Senior Commanders for successfully leading troops in combat and the First and Second classes for award to all ranks for bravery or merit in action. The Iron Cross’s were reinstituted by King Wilhelm I on July 19TH 1870 for award during the Franco-Prussian War and again on August 5TH 1914, by King Wilhelm II for award during WWI. On September 1ST 1939 Hitler once more reinstituted the Iron Cross series of awards in the First and Second Classes and established the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and two new Spangen, (Bars), for the first and second class awards to be bestowed to recipients of the 1939 Iron Cross who had also been awarded a first or second class 1914 Iron Cross during WWI. Originally the first pattern of this award had slightly scalloped tips to the ends of the date bar which was soon replaced with the second pattern award with diagonally angled ends.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: A roughly 6cm x 11cm, light weight, tan, cardstock, issue envelope with black printed script in two lines to obverse, "Spange zum Eisernes Kreuz II Klasse", (Bar to the Iron Cross 2ND Class). Maker marked "L/12" for C.E. Juncker. Scarce.

GRADE ****1/4                             PRICE $179.00

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