H034381 MEDICAL ORDERLY’S DOG TAG. (Erkennungsmarken)
BACKGROUND: Evaluations of German/Prussian losses in battles during the Austro-Prussian war of 1866 and the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871 resulted in the discovery that many of the killed were unidentifiable which led to the introduction of the first military identification, (dog), tags into the Prussian army in 1878. The original 1878 pattern dog tags remained in usage until a second, larger pattern with more information was introduced in July 1915. In 1918 a slightly modified dog tag was introduced that remain in use until the end of WWII. On mobilization of the Wehrmacht, (German Armed Forces), in August 1939 all personnel were issued an identification, (dog), tag to be worn on a cord around the neck. Following the outbreak of WWII all new recruits were issued a dog tag on their registration for military service. If killed or wounded half of the dog tag would stay attached to the individual and the other half would be sent to the appropriate administrative offices for processing. Of Note: Each Divisional sized unit within the German Army of WWII had support units which included a medical unit that normally consisted of two companies, a mobile field hospital and two ambulance platoons. Within these medical units EM’s and Junior NCO’s with basic medical training acted as medical orderlies or stretcher bearers under the command of Doctors with Officers ranks. The German army also maintained static hospitals in the rear areas for those with more severe wounds and those with the most serious injuries, that would require long rehabilitation times, would be sent to a hospital in their home military recruiting district within Greater Germany. Generally the German field units preferred to care for their own wounded as much as possible as a convalescents transferred to a rear area static military or home military district hospital could potentially be dispatched to a new unit on their recovery. As a result most of the Divisional medical support units maintained a generous supply of medical equipment and accessories to provide the most favorable "in-house" care as possible. Also Of Note: Medical personnel were legally classified as non-combatants and as a result were to be unarmed and were to be recognizable by wear of the internationally accepted, neutrality insignia consisting of a red cross on a white background. Although the medical personnel, (theoretically), fell under the protection of assorted articles of the Geneva Convention of July 27TH 1929, this was not always the case in the field.
PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Roughly, 70mm x 50mm, horizontally oval, stamped, natural aluminum construction identification tag. The tag has three, roughly, 15mm, long slits running down the center lengthwise, to facilitate breaking it in half if necessary. The tag has two, punched, holes to the top section and one to the bottom section for securing the neck suspension cord. Tag is bent
GRADE ***˝ PRICE $39.00
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