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H016077 ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIAL'S VISOR CAP. (Schirmmütze)

BACKGROUND: Visor caps were a standard item for all armed forces personnel during the Third Reich period and regulations dictated the form of dress they were to be worn with based on the individuals rank. Originally the insignia worn on the visor caps consisted of the Weimar Reichswehr, (National Defence Force, Circa 1919-1933), era, pattern oak-leaf wreath and cockade and a blackened leather chinstrap for all ranks. In February 1927 new chin cords for Officer’s ranks were introduced with silver cords for the ranks of Leutnant to Oberst and gilt cords for the ranks of Generalmajor to Generalfeldmarschall. On March 14TH 1933 the Reichswehr’s oval black, red and gold cockade was replaced with a circular cockade in black, white, and red and on February 17TH 1934 the Third Reich pattern national eagle for the army was officially introduced for wear on the visor cap. In March 1935 a new, more detailed, pattern wreath and cockade and a second, larger pattern national eagle were also introduced for wear and in late 1935 regulations altered the Reichswehr era field-grey colored centerband to a dark blue/green coloration which was utilized until the end of the war. Further regulations of February 26TH 1936 also permitted senior NCO’s who were Officer Candidates to wear the Officers twisted silver/aluminum chin cord on their visor caps as opposed to the standard EM/NCO’s leather chinstrap. The German army had a tradition, dating from the 1700's, of maintaining a separate branch of Administrative Official’s attached to the army to oversee all administrative functions, thus freeing up active army Officer’s and allowing them to concentrate on actual military matters. The Official’s were responsible for a wide variety of administrative tasks from Court Martial, Librarian, Supply, Technical and Meteorological Services, to School, Barracks, and Hospital administration. Most officials careers consisted of four varying grades, of high, elevated, medium and low grade with slightly differing identifying insignia for each grade. The grade of the career was determined by the education and/or experience of the individual. During the Reichswehr era the officials were divided into military and civilian personnel until December 22ND 1934 when the German High Command did away with the differentiation and consolidate all the officials into the newly formed Wehrmachtbeamte-Heer, (Armed Forces Officials-Army). Regulations of March 12TH 1937 reorganized the Officials and instituted the new Beamte auf Kriegsdauer a.K., (Wartime Official’s for the duration of the war), to be activated in times of mobilization. Originally the uniformed Officials were allotted an identifying, dark green waffenfarbe, (Branch of Service Color), with a nebenfarbe, (secondary color), to indicate their actual career. Regulations of March 21ST 1940, replaced the assorted nebenfarbe colors with a secondary color of light grey for all Officials regardless of career or function. On the visor cap the Officials only utilized the dark green waffenfarbe as piping without the secondary, career nebenfarben. Administrative Officials were responsible for purchasing their own caps and as a result were allotted a clothing allowance through the army’s Kleiderkasse, (Clothing Account), system. The Officers and certain senior NCO’s could choose to purchase their caps from the armed forces clothing depots or to privately purchase visor caps of higher quality. Although enlisted personnel were issued their caps from government supplies they were also permitted to purchase privately tailored caps although the price may have been restrictive.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Field-grey wool/rayon blend body and crown, with a blue/green badge cloth centerband with dark green wool waffenfarbe piping to the crown edge and both the top and bottom edges of the centerband. Some fading to the centerband in spots. The front center of the cap has an early, hand embroidered national eagle with short, out-stretched wings, clutching a wreathed, canted, swastika in its talons, in bright silver/aluminum and bullion wire threads with green accent threads on a cut-out, blue/green, badge cloth base. The eagle is hand stitched to the cap. The front center of the centerband has a nice quality, hand embroidered, oak-leaf wreath in bright, silver/aluminum and bullion wire threads encompassing a highly vaunted, three piece, national tri-color cockade. The wreath and cockade are mounted on a cut-out, blue/green badge cloth base that is handstitched to the cap. The cap has a twisted, bright, silver/aluminum chin cord secured to the cap by two, small, silver washed, pebbled, alloy buttons. The cap has an extended, forward, black lacquered vulcanfibre visor with a subtly raised lip to the forward edge. The interior of the cap is fully lined in grey cotton/rayon. The interior crown lining has a clear, celluloid, sweat rhomboid which is 95% complete. Maybe 75% of the paper ersatz sweatband remains (numerous tears). The cap is roughly size 54.

GRADE *** 1/2                             PRICE $569.00 (Or Best Offer)

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